Egypt is probably the world's oldest civilization having emerged from the Nile Valley around 3,100 BC, historically.
Egypt is probably one of the oldest vacation spots.
Early Greeks, Romans and others went there just for fun, and to see the wonders of some of mankind's earliest triumphs.
But Egypt is much more than Pyramids and monuments.
It is also Red Sea scuba diving, hot night spots, luxury hotels and five star restaurants.
It is romantic cruises down the Nile on festive river boats, a night at the grand opera and it is a cultural experience like n$
Egypt is a land bustling with life, sound, visual beauty and excitement.
More than anything else, we want you to think of Egypt as fun.
For thousands of years, it has been the playground of emperors and kings, and we hope you will take the time to find out why.
The Flag of Egypt The first national flag of modern Egypt was established by a Royal Decree in 1923 when Egypt gained conditio$
The color was green with a white crescent and three stars in the middle.
In 1958, a Presidential Decree established a new flag for the United Arab Republic which comprised a merger of Syria and Egypt.
The new flag had three colors: red, white with 2 green stars and black.
The flag was rectangular in shape and the width was one-third of its length.
In 1972, the Law was amended to change the flag.
The stars were removed from the flag and replaced by a golden hawk.
In 1984, the hawk was replaced by a golden eagle on the eagle of Saladdin, the Ayubbid Sultan who ruled Egypt and Syria in 12t$
Color Symbolism The color red refers to the period before 1952 Revolution which brought a group of army officers to power afte$
This was a period characterized by the struggle against the British occupation of the country.
The white symbolizes the advent of the 1952 Revolution which ended the monarchy without bloodshed.
The color black symbolizes the end of the opression of the people of Egypt at the hands of the Monarchy and British colonialis$
Rules Governing the Hoisting of the Flag The national flag is hoisted on all governmental buildings on Fridays, official holid$
The flag is hoisted daily on border posts and customs buildings.
It is also hoisted on Egyptian consulates and embassies overseas on the National Day and other national occasions, as well as $
Penal Provisions for Contempt of the Flag Abusing the flag in any way is a criminal offense and is punishable under law as it $
Penal provisions also govern abuse of foreign flags or national emblems of other countries.
The National Anthem (Hear it) My homeland, my homeland, my hallowed land, Only to you, is my due hearty love at command, My ho$
Words and Music by Sayed Darwish.
This national anthem was adapted after 1979.
Prior to that, the National Anthem was "Walla Zaman Ya Selahy" (Oh, My Weapon) with words by Salah Shahyrn and Music by Kamal $
Overview of Egypt The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts $
A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C.
and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia.
The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C.
, who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines.
It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries.
A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman$
Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily $
Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ott$
Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II.
The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile Riv$
A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to $
The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in com$